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The Twents Hoen chicken breed is a Dutch heritage breed known for its dual-purpose qualities. These chickens are sought after for their excellent meat and egg-laying abilities.

With their beautiful plumage and calm temperament, Twents Hoen chickens make a great addition to any backyard or small farm. Originating in the Twente region of the Netherlands, this breed has been carefully bred to excel in both meat and egg production.

Their large size makes them ideal for meat production, while their ability to lay consistent and sizable eggs makes them a favorite among poultry enthusiasts. Whether you’re looking to raise chickens for meat, eggs, or simply as beautiful companions, the Twents Hoen breed is definitely worth considering.


The Twents Hoen chicken breed has a fascinating history that spans several centuries. This breed originated in the Twente region of the Netherlands and has played a significant role in the local agricultural landscape. Here is a closer look at the history of the Twents Hoen chicken breed:

  • Ancient Origins: The Twents Hoen breed can be traced back to the early 17th century when it was developed by crossing various local chicken breeds with imported birds from Asia.
  • The Asian influence: The Asian chicken breeds brought by traders introduced unique characteristics to the local birds, such as their distinct feather patterns and docile temperament.
  • Agricultural importance: The Twents Hoen breed quickly gained popularity among farmers in the Twente region due to its versatility and adaptability in various farming conditions.
  • Preservation Efforts: Over the years, the Twents Hoen breed faced the threat of extinction due to the rise of industrialized farming practices. However, dedicated breeders and enthusiasts worked tirelessly to preserve this valuable breed.
  • Breeding programs: Various initiatives were undertaken to maintain and improve the breed’s genetic diversity, ensuring its long-term survival.
  • Recognition: In 1990, the Twents Hoen was officially recognized as a distinct chicken breed.
  • Unique Characteristics: The Twents Hoen breed exhibits several unique characteristics that set it apart from other chicken breeds.
  • Feather patterns: One of the defining features of the Twents Hoen is its eye-catching feather patterns, which can vary greatly between individuals. These patterns often include combinations of colors such as gold, black, and brown.
  • Dual-purpose breed: The Twents Hoen is highly valued for both meat and egg production, making it a versatile choice for farmers seeking a multi-purpose chicken breed.
  • Popularity Today: Despite its historical significance and unique attributes, the Twents Hoen breed remains relatively rare outside of its native region. However, there is a growing interest in sustainable and heritage chicken breeds, leading to increased attention and preservation efforts for this remarkable breed.

The history of the Twents Hoen chicken breed is rich and captivating. Its evolution over time and the dedicated efforts to preserve its unique characteristics demonstrate the breed’s cultural and agricultural importance. As more people recognize the value of heritage breeds, the Twents Hoen is gaining new recognition and appreciation both locally and internationally.

Twents Hoen Chicken
Bomme herrmann, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

General Characteristics

The Twents Hoen chicken breed is a unique and fascinating breed with distinctive features. Let’s dive into some key characteristics that make these chickens truly remarkable:

  • Appearance: Twent Hoen chickens have medium-sized bodies with firm and well-rounded contours. They feature a single comb, which is medium in size and evenly serrated. The wattles and earlobes are smooth and of medium size as well. These chickens come in various color varieties, including gold, silver, and cream.
  • Hardiness: Twents Hoen chickens are known for their impressive hardiness and ability to adapt to different climates. They are resilient birds that can tolerate both hot and cold conditions, making them suitable for a wide range of environments and regions.
  • Egg production: When it comes to egg-laying capabilities, Twents Hoen chickens are quite impressive. They are moderate to good layers, producing a satisfactory amount of eggs throughout the year. The eggs are medium to large in size and typically have a cream-colored shell.
  • Foraging: Twents Hoen chickens have a natural instinct for foraging and are known to be excellent free-range birds. They love to explore their surroundings, scratching and pecking at the ground in search of insects, seeds, and vegetation. This behavior not only keeps them entertained but also contributes to their overall health and well-being.
  • Roosting: Like most chicken breeds, Twents Hoen chickens enjoy roosting. They have a strong tendency to perch on elevated surfaces, such as tree branches or specially designed roosting poles within their coop. Providing sufficient roosting space is essential to ensure their comfort and natural behavior.
  • Meat quality: While Twents Hoen chickens are primarily known for their egg-laying abilities, their meat is also highly regarded. The meat is flavorful and tender, making it a favorite choice for poultry enthusiasts who appreciate quality and taste.
  • Low maintenance: Maintaining Twents Hoen chickens is relatively easy. They have a low-maintenance nature and do not require excessive grooming or special care. Providing them with a suitable coop, regular feeding, access to fresh water, and proper protection from predators are the key aspects of keeping these chickens happy and healthy.

The Twents Hoen chicken breed stands out for its beautiful appearance, resilience, friendly temperament, decent egg production, natural foraging behavior, and quality meat. These characteristics make them an excellent choice for both novice and experienced chicken keepers.


With its calm and docile temperament, the Twents Hoen Chicken Breed is a delightful addition to any flock. Its friendly and easygoing nature makes it a favorite among chicken enthusiasts.

The Twents Hoen chicken breed is known for its unique temperament, making it a popular choice for poultry enthusiasts. This breed exhibits a distinct set of characteristics that sets it apart from other chicken breeds. Let’s delve into the temperament of the Twents Hoen breed and discover what makes it so special:

Friendly And Docile

  • Twents Hoen chickens are known for their friendly disposition and docile nature. They are accustomed to human interaction, which makes them excellent pets.
  • Their approachable demeanor makes them great companions for children and a delight to have in backyard flocks.

Calm And Tolerant

  • One notable characteristic of the Twents Hoen breed is its calmness. These chickens have a relaxed temperament that allows them to handle stressful situations with ease.
  • They are known to be tolerant of changes in their environment, which makes them an adaptable breed.

Curious And Inquisitive

  • Twents Hoen chickens are naturally curious creatures. They love to explore their surroundings and are constantly on the lookout for new experiences.
  • Their inquisitive nature not only entertains them but also enhances their ability to forage effectively.

Social And Non-Aggressive

  • This breed is highly social and thrives in a cooperative environment. They get along well with other chickens and establish strong bonds within the flock.
  • Twents Hoen chickens are non-aggressive, which helps maintain a peaceful and harmonious atmosphere in the coop.

Hardy And Resilient

  • Twents Hoen chickens are known for their hardiness and resilience, making them suitable for different climates and weather conditions.
  • They can adapt to both hot and cold environments, which makes them well-suited for a variety of regions.

Wrap Up

The temperament of the Twents Hoen chicken breed is characterized by its friendly and docile nature, calmness, curiosity, social behavior, and resilience. These qualities make them ideal for hobbyists, families, and chicken keepers seeking a breed that is easy to handle and interact with.

Whether you’re looking for a backyard companion or a reliable egg layer, the Twents Hoen breed’s temperament will surely impress you.

Comb Types

The Twents Hoen chicken breed is known for its unique comb types, which contribute to both its appearance and functionality. There are three main comb types found in this breed: the single comb, the rose comb, and the walnut comb.

Each comb type serves a specific purpose and can provide valuable insight into the breed’s characteristics and adaptability. Below, we will explore these comb types in more detail:

  • Single Comb:
  • The single comb is the most common comb type found in chickens, including the Twents Hoen.
  • It consists of a single row of evenly spaced upright points.
  • The single comb provides good heat dissipation, helping the chicken regulate its body temperature in warmer climates.
  • This comb type is also known for being highly susceptible to frostbite in colder environments.
  • Rose Comb:
  • The rose comb is characterized by a low, solid, and wide structure with a smooth surface.
  • This comb type is a result of a genetic mutation that reduces the size and height of the comb.
  • The rose comb is advantageous in cold climates as it is less prone to frostbite.
  • It also provides better protection against aggressive pecking from other chickens due to its compact nature.
  • Walnut Comb:
  • The walnut comb gets its name from its resemblance to the shape of a walnut.
  • It is smaller and wider than the single comb, with a slightly wrinkled appearance.
  • Walnut combs are well-adapted to varying weather conditions, striking a balance between heat dissipation and frostbite prevention.
  • They are less prone to injury and damage compared to larger comb types.

The Twents Hoen chicken breed showcases three distinct comb types: the single comb, rose comb, and walnut comb. Each comb type serves a specific purpose, ranging from heat dissipation to frostbite prevention. Understanding these comb types can provide valuable insight into the breed’s adaptability and requirements in different climates.


To conclude, the Twents Hoen chicken breed is a remarkable choice for farmers seeking a resilient and efficient bird. With its rich history and unique characteristics, this Dutch breed offers both aesthetic appeal and practical benefits. The Twents Hoen’s striking appearance, with its vibrant colors and elegant plumage, makes it a standout addition to any flock.

Not only is it visually stunning, but this breed also excels in egg production, with its hens laying a consistent supply of large and flavorful eggs. In addition, the Twents Hoen’s hardy nature and ability to adapt to various climates make it an ideal choice for both seasoned poultry enthusiasts and those new to chicken keeping.

Whether you’re looking to enhance your farm’s aesthetic or boost egg production, the Twents Hoen chicken breed is a wonderful option to consider. Its historical significance, stunning appearance, and impressive performance are sure to make it a favorite among farmers worldwide.

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