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The American Game chicken breed is known for its aggressive nature and impressive fighting abilities. With striking feathers and a strong build, these chickens are often prized for their beauty and sought after by gamefowl enthusiasts.

Originating in the United States, the American Game chicken breed has a long history dating back to colonial times. We will explore the characteristics, history, and popularity of this unique breed. Whether you are a gamefowl breeder or simply interested in learning about different chicken breeds, read on to discover more about the fascinating American Game chicken breed.


The American Game Chicken breed has a rich and fascinating history that spans centuries. This breed, also known as the American Game Fowl or American Gamecock, originated in the United States and has deep roots in American culture. Here are some key points to know about the history of this remarkable breed:

  • Colonial Roots: The American Game Chicken breed dates back to the colonial era when early settlers brought various breeds of gamefowl from Europe. These breeds were crossbred with indigenous chickens, resulting in the development of the American Game Chicken.
  • Fighting Heritage: One of the most prominent aspects of the American Game Chicken’s history is its association with cockfighting. Cockfighting was a popular sport in America, particularly during the 18th and 19th centuries. The American Game Chicken, with its strength, agility, and fierce demeanor, became the preferred breed for these combative competitions.
  • Selective Breeding: Over time, breeders focused on refining the breed’s characteristics, such as its physical appearance, fighting abilities, and temperament. The American Game Chicken’s ancestors were selectively bred for their endurance, size, and aggressive nature, leading to the creation of a distinct breed that is highly regarded among gamefowl enthusiasts.
  • Endangered Status: Despite their historical significance, American Game Chickens are currently considered an endangered breed. Factors such as changing societal attitudes towards cockfighting, restrictive legislation, and the rise of other chicken breeds for commercial purposes have contributed to their dwindling population. Conservation efforts are underway to preserve and protect this valuable breed.
  • Modern-day Role: While the practice of cockfighting has been banned in many regions, the American Game Chicken continues to have a place in today’s world. Breeders and enthusiasts appreciate the breed for its unique characteristics, such as its regal appearance, strong instincts, and potential for exhibition purposes. The breed’s endurance, intelligence, and striking physical features make it a popular choice for poultry enthusiasts seeking a distinctive and resilient chicken breed.

The history of the American Game Chicken is deeply intertwined with American heritage and the long-standing tradition of cockfighting. Despite its difficult past and current endangered status, this breed remains an iconic symbol of strength, resilience, and beauty in the world of poultry.

American Game Chicken
Just chaos, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

General Characteristics

The American Game Chicken Breed possesses distinctive characteristics that set it apart from other breeds. With its muscular build and aggressive nature, it has become popular among cockfighting enthusiasts. This breed is known for its game-like qualities and is often used for exhibition purposes.

The American Game chicken breed is known for its distinctive characteristics that set it apart from other breeds. Here, we will explore the general traits and features of this fascinating breed:

  • Appearance: American Game chickens are known for their majestic and upright stature. They have a well-muscled build, with strong legs and a prominent chest. These birds have a sleek and slender body, complemented by a long neck and a small head. Their eyes are bright and alert, adding to their overall regal appearance.
  • Colors and Patterns: This breed exhibits a wide range of colors and patterns. From classic solid colors such as black, white, or red, to eye-catching combinations like black-breasted red and blue, American Game chickens offer an array of options for chicken enthusiasts. Their feathers can showcase beautiful patterns such as lacing, penciling, or even spangling.
  • Temperament: American Game chickens are known for their bold and confident nature. They exhibit a strong sense of independence and are highly alert, making them excellent watchdogs. These birds are fiercely protective of their territory and can be quite aggressive towards other chickens or potential threats.
  • Egg Production: While American Game chickens are primarily known for their ornamental and fighting qualities, they also possess good egg-laying capabilities. Although not as prolific as some other breeds, these chickens can lay a respectable number of large, light-brown eggs. It’s worth noting that their focus is often more on preserving and showcasing their unique breed traits rather than prioritizing egg production.
  • Versatility: The American Game chicken breed is versatile in its capabilities. While originally bred for cockfighting, they have found their place among dedicated breeders and enthusiasts who appreciate their distinctive characteristics. Whether kept for ornamental purposes, as engaging showbirds, or simply for the joy of raising them, American Game chickens offer an intriguing option for poultry enthusiasts.
  • Hardiness: Known for their ability to withstand various climates and conditions, American Game chickens are considered hardy birds. They possess strong immune systems and are known for their resilience. However, their active and spirited nature requires ample space to roam and exercise, making free-range or spacious enclosures preferable for their overall well-being.

So there you have it – an insight into the general characteristics of the American Game chicken breed. From their striking appearance to their spirited temperament, these chickens are a notable addition to any flock. Keep reading to discover more about their fascinating history, unique attributes, and practical considerations for keeping this breed.


If you’re a poultry enthusiast looking for a breed of chicken that is not only visually stunning but also has a unique temperament, the American Game Chicken is definitely worth considering. These chickens are known for their fascinating demeanor and distinct personality traits.

From their natural instincts to their behavior towards humans, American Game Chickens exhibit a variety of interesting temperaments that make them a popular choice among poultry keepers. In this section, we will take a closer look at the temperament of these remarkable chickens.

Natural Instincts

  • American Game Chickens are known for their strong natural instincts, which have been honed over years of selective breeding. These instincts contribute to their survival skills and make them excellent foragers.
  • They have a keen sense of awareness and are always on the lookout for potential threats or predators. This heightened alertness ensures the safety of the flock.
  • These chickens are known for their aggressive behavior towards other fowl, which stems from their instinct to establish dominance within the flock. This characteristic makes them impressive at protecting their territory.

Fearlessness And Confidence

  • American Game Chickens are renowned for their fearless and confident nature. They are not easily intimidated by their surroundings or other animals.
  • Their boldness makes them suitable for free-range environments, as they are not afraid to explore and venture into new territories. They are always eager to explore, forage, and find their own food.

Human Interaction

  • Despite their aggressive behavior towards other chickens, American Game Chickens can develop a friendly bond with their human caretakers. With proper handling and socialization, they can be quite sociable and even exhibit affectionate behavior.
  • These chickens are intelligent and can quickly recognize and respond positively to their owners. They can learn to trust humans and build a strong bond based on mutual respect and care.
  • Because of their friendly nature towards humans, American Game Chickens can be easily tamed and trained. They can be taught to perform simple tricks and commands, making them a delight to interact with.

The American Game Chicken is a breed that stands out not only due to its striking appearance but also its intriguing temperament. These chickens possess strong natural instincts, fearlessness, and confidence, which make them suitable for free-range environments. Additionally, they can form a strong bond with their human caretakers, making them a pleasure to keep.

If you’re searching for a visually appealing breed with an exciting personality, the American Game Chicken is an excellent choice.

Comb Types

The American Game chicken breed is famous for its various comb types. The combs of chickens refer to the fleshy red protuberance on top of their heads. In the case of American Game chickens, their comb types are diverse and unique.

Let’s explore the different comb types found in this remarkable breed:

Single Comb

  • The single comb is the most common comb type among American Game chickens.
  • It is a long and upright comb with a single row of evenly spaced points.
  • This comb is known for its excellent heat dissipation and protection against cold temperatures.

Pea Comb

  • The pea comb is another notable comb type seen in American Game chickens.
  • It is shorter and wider compared to the single comb, resembling three distinct humps.
  • The pea comb provides good protection against frostbite due to its compact design.

Cushion Comb

  • The cushion comb is a unique and rare comb type found in some American Game chickens.
  • This comb is round, full, and cushion-like, sitting low on the chicken’s head.
  • It offers excellent protection against harsh weather conditions such as extreme cold and wind.

Rose Comb

  • The rose comb is a comb-type that is moderately common in American Game chickens.
  • It is a compact and low-setting comb with a unique folded appearance.
  • The rose comb provides better resistance to frostbite and is well-suited for cold climates.

Walnut Comb

  • The walnut comb is an unusual comb type seen in a few American Game chickens.
  • It has a rounded and lumpy appearance, resembling a walnut.
  • The walnut comb offers good resistance to frostbite and provides ample protection.

V Comb

  • The V comb is a less frequently found comb type in American Game chickens.
  • It resembles the letter “V” with two pointed, evenly spaced sections.
  • The V comb is known for its exceptional ability to regulate body temperature.

The American Game chicken breed showcases a fascinating array of comb types. From the common single comb to the unique cushion and walnut combs, each variety offers its own advantages in terms of heat dissipation, frostbite protection, and weather resistance.

The diverse comb types of the American Game chicken breed make it a captivating and distinct breed within the poultry world.


The American Game Chicken breed is a remarkable choice for poultry enthusiasts. Its rich heritage, excellent adaptability, and remarkable characteristics make it a standout breed in the world of chickens. Not only are these birds beautiful to behold, but they also bring a sense of pride to their owners.

Whether you’re a backyard hobbyist or a commercial farmer, the American Game Chicken breed offers versatility in terms of its purpose and potential. Whether you are seeking a resilient bird for meat production, a lively addition to your flock, or a contender in the show ring, this breed is a top contender.

By embracing the American Game Chicken breed, you gain more than just a bird – you gain a part of history and a valuable companion. So, if you’re looking to enhance your poultry experience and be part of a fascinating heritage, consider welcoming the American Game Chicken into your flock.

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