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The Welsummer chicken breed is known for its beautiful dark brown eggs and distinctive plumage. Originating in the Netherlands, Welsummers are medium-sized birds with a friendly and active temperament, making them popular among backyard chicken keepers.


The Welsummer chicken breed originated in the small village of Welsum in the Netherlands. Its development can be traced back to the early 20th century when it was created by crossing local Dutch chickens with Asian breeds such as the Malay and the Partridge Cochin.

This deliberate crossbreeding resulted in a unique and striking breed known for its beautiful appearance and excellent egg-laying abilities.

Overall Impressions

With their captivating appearance, excellent egg-laying abilities, and friendly temperament, Welsummers have become a favorite among chicken enthusiasts. Whether you are a backyard flock owner or a small-scale farmer, this breed is sure to add beauty, productivity, and charm to your poultry flock.

Their hardworking nature, coupled with their distinct reddish-brown plumage, makes them a delightful and rewarding addition to any chicken enthusiast’s collection.

General Characteristics

The Welsummer chicken breed is renowned for its striking appearance and exceptional qualities. Recognized for its unique feather pattern and vibrant chestnut-colored plumage, it has become a popular breed both in commercial settings and among backyard poultry enthusiasts. Below are some key characteristics of the Welsummer chicken breed:

  • Plumage: The Welsummer chicken boasts a stunning appearance with its beautiful chestnut-colored feathers that are intricately patterned. This breed’s plumage showcases a striking contrast with its feathers featuring black embellishments forming an eye-catching pattern.
  • Size: These chickens are considered to be medium-sized birds, with roosters weighing between 6 to 8 pounds, and hens ranging from 4.5 to 6 pounds. Their sturdy and well-proportioned bodies make them an appealing choice for chicken keepers.
  • Temperament: Welsummers are known for their friendly and docile nature, making them a suitable addition to family flocks. They are generally calm and enjoy human interaction, making them easier to handle and work with.
  • Egg Production: One of the notable characteristics of the Welsummer breed is its ability to lay a good number of large, dark brown eggs. Hens typically lay around 160 to 180 eggs per year, providing a constant supply of delicious and nutritious eggs for their keepers.
  • Hardy Breed: Welsummers are known for being a hardy and adaptable breed, making them suitable for various climates. They can tolerate colder temperatures well and are also effective foragers, allowing them to find much of their own food if given the opportunity.
  • Broodiness: Welsummer hens can exhibit broody behavior, meaning they may try to hatch their eggs. This natural instinct can be advantageous for individuals interested in breeding their own chickens or raising chicks.

With their attractive appearance, friendly personalities, and reliable egg production, Welsummer chickens are a desirable breed for both hobbyists and those seeking to establish a productive flock. Keeping these fascinating birds can be rewarding and enjoyable, making them a popular choice for chicken enthusiasts.

Welsummer Chicken Breed
Uikitireza, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons


The Welsummer chicken breed is known for its friendly and docile temperament, making it a popular choice for backyard chicken enthusiasts. With its calm nature, it is easy to handle and interacts well with both humans and other animals

The Welsummer chicken breed is known for its beautiful dark brown egg and stunning appearance. But what about its temperament? Let’s explore the personality traits that make this breed a favorite among chicken enthusiasts.

Active And Energetic

  • Welsummers are active and energetic birds, always on the move. They love to roam around, foraging and exploring their surroundings.
  • These birds are not known to be lazy or docile, so be prepared for some lively activity in your backyard!

Friendly And Curious

  • Welsummers are known for their friendly and curious nature. They are often described as being people-oriented and enjoy human company.
  • They will happily approach you for attention and are generally easy to handle. This makes them a great choice for families with children or first-time chicken owners.

Independent And Resourceful

  • Welsummers have a natural instinct for foraging and are quite independent when it comes to finding their own food.
  • They are excellent foragers and enjoy spending time searching for insects and other treats in the yard. This makes them a self-sufficient breed and a joy to watch as they explore their surroundings.

Alert And Watchful

  • Welsummers have a keen sense of awareness and are incredibly alert. They make excellent watch birds, as they will quickly sound an alarm if they sense danger nearby.
  • They are known to be protective of their flock and will do their best to keep them safe from potential threats.

Not Ideal For Confined Spaces

  • While Welsummers are generally well-behaved and friendly, they may not be the best choice for those with limited space.
  • Their active and energetic nature may lead to frustration if they are kept in confined areas for long periods of time.

The Welsummer breed is known for its active and energetic temperament, friendliness towards humans, independence, and alertness. They are excellent foragers and can make great watch birds. However, due to their active nature, they may not be suitable for small or confined spaces.

Comb Types

The Welsummer chicken breed is known for its distinctive comb types. The comb, located on top of the chicken’s head, serves multiple purposes, including regulating body temperature and attracting a potential mate. Welsummers have two primary comb variants: single comb and rose comb.

Single Comb

  • The single comb is the most common type found in chickens, including the Welsummer breed.
  • It is a medium-sized, upright comb with a single row of evenly spaced points.
  • The single comb allows for efficient heat dissipation in hot climates.
  • It may be prone to frostbite in extremely cold weather, so appropriate shelter is essential.

Rose Comb

  • Rose comb is an alternative comb type found in some Welsummers, though less common compared to the single comb.
  • A rose comb is characterized by a shorter length and a wider, flatter appearance with multiple folds or points.
  • This comb type is more resistant to frostbite, making it better suited to colder climates.
  • The compact nature of the rose comb also makes it less prone to injury or damage.

Both comb types contribute to the Welsummer’s overall appearance, with the single comb being the more traditional and widely seen variant. However, the choice between single comb and rose comb ultimately comes down to personal preference and the specific needs of chicken keepers based on their local climate.


The Welsummer chicken breed is truly a remarkable addition to any flock. With their beautiful mahogany feathers and vibrant personality, they not only bring aesthetic appeal but also a sense of liveliness to any backyard or farm. Their reputation as excellent layers of large, brown eggs is well-deserved, making them a popular choice among poultry enthusiasts.

Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced chicken keeper, the Welsummer breed’s hardy nature and adaptability make them suitable for various climates and environments. Its calm and friendly temperament makes it a great choice for families with children or those looking for a pet-like chicken.

With proper care and nutrition, the Welsummer chicken breed can thrive and provide its owners with delicious eggs for years to come. So, consider adding a Welsummer to your flock and enjoy the many rewards this breed has to offer.

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