COOP - Introducing Smart Coop

The Derbyshire Redcap Chicken breed is a dual-purpose bird known for its striking appearance and high-quality meat. With its large size and distinctive red cap, this breed is highly sought after by both backyard enthusiasts and commercial farmers.

Originating in Derbyshire, England, this breed has a rich history dating back to the 19th century. Aside from its ornamental value, the Derbyshire Redcap is also known for its friendly temperament and exceptional egg-laying abilities. This breed is highly adaptable to various climates and is an excellent choice for those looking to add a visually appealing and productive chicken to their flock.


Looking to add an interesting and unique chicken breed to your flock?

Look no further than the Derbyshire Redcap. This captivating breed has a fascinating history and several distinct characteristics that make it a popular choice for chicken enthusiasts. In this section, we will explore the history of the Derbyshire Redcap, shedding light on its origins, traits, and significance in the world of poultry.

Origins And Background

  • Originated in the Derbyshire region of England in the 19th century.
  • Developed by breeders who aimed to create a standout chicken breed with exceptional egg-laying abilities and a striking appearance.
  • Known for its distinct red comb, red eyes, and beautiful feathers, the Derbyshire Redcap quickly became a favorite among local farmers.

Unique Appearance

  • Possesses a single comb that stands tall and proud on top of its head.
  • Features a bright red comb, wattles, and earlobes that provide an eye-catching contrast to its dark feathers.
  • Males have a majestic appearance with an impressive comb that can grow up to 6 inches in length.
  • Females showcase a similar eye-catching appearance, albeit with slightly smaller combs.

Traits And Characteristics

  • Known for their excellent egg-laying capabilities, with hens producing approximately 200 to 240 medium-sized eggs per year.
  • Exhibits a curious and active nature, making them ideal for free-range environments.
  • Shows a high level of intelligence and adaptability, making it easier to integrate them into existing flocks.
  • They possess a strong foraging instinct, ensuring they are capable of finding food even in challenging conditions.

Historical Significance

  • The Derbyshire Redcap played an important role in providing eggs and meat to the local communities of Derbyshire.
  • Despite a decline in popularity during the mid-20th century, the breed has experienced a resurgence in recent years due to its unique appearance and excellent egg production capabilities.
  • Today, it is considered a rare and valuable breed that contributes to the preservation of heritage poultry.

The Derbyshire Redcap chicken breed makes a captivating addition to any flock. With its striking appearance, excellent egg-laying abilities, and historical significance, it is no wonder that chicken enthusiasts are drawn to these unique birds. Whether you are a seasoned farmer or a hobbyist, the Derbyshire Redcap will undoubtedly provide beauty, entertainment, and a plentiful supply of delicious fresh eggs.

Derbyshire Redcap Chicken
3268zauber, CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons

General Characteristics

If you’re looking for a chicken breed that is unique, beautiful and has a lot to offer, then the Derbyshire Redcap is worth considering. With their distinctive appearance and fascinating history, these chickens are sure to catch the eye of any poultry enthusiast.

We will explore the general characteristics of the Derbyshire Redcap, highlighting the unique traits and attributes that make it stand out from other breeds.


  • The Derbyshire Redcap is a medium-sized chicken breed with a tall and upright stance.
  • This breed has a single upright comb, which is usually bright red in color.
  • Their most striking feature is their bright red feathering. The feathers are also finely laced with black, giving them a stunning appearance.
  • The eyes of this breed are a dark reddish-brown color, adding to their overall attractiveness.
  • Derbyshire Redcaps have clean, yellow legs with four toes.

Egg Production

  • The Derbyshire Redcap is a good layer, with hens producing approximately 180-200 large, brown eggs per year.
  • They have been known to lay consistently even during the winter months.
  • These chickens are excellent mothers and often go broody, making them ideal for hatching and raising their chicks.


  • Derbyshire Redcaps are a hardy breed that can adapt well to different climates and environments.
  • They have been bred to withstand the harsh weather conditions of the Derbyshire region in England.
  • Their dense feathering helps protect them from the cold, making them suitable for colder regions.

Exhibition Qualities

  • The Derbyshire Redcap is a popular exhibition breed due to its uniqueness and striking appearance.
  • Judges in poultry shows look for specific features, such as a well-balanced body, bright comb, and vibrant red feathering.
  • This breed has won numerous accolades in exhibition competitions, showcasing their exceptional qualities.

The Derbyshire Redcap is a visually stunning chicken breed with unique characteristics that set them apart. Their upright stance, bright red feathering, and friendly nature make them an attractive addition to any backyard flock. With good egg production, hardiness, and exhibition qualities, the Derbyshire Redcap offers a combination of beauty and practicality.

Whether you’re an avid poultry enthusiast or simply someone looking for an eye-catching breed, the Derbyshire Redcap is worth considering.


The Derbyshire Redcap chicken breed is known for its lively and energetic temperament. With its active nature, this breed is perfect for free-ranging and farm environments, making it a popular choice for poultry enthusiasts.

Energetic And Active

  • Derbyshire Redcap chickens are known for their lively and active nature.
  • These birds exhibit high energy levels and enjoy constant movement throughout the day.
  • They are agile and quick, making them excellent foragers.

Intelligent And Curious

  • Derbyshire Redcaps are intelligent birds that possess a curious nature.
  • They are always on the lookout for new things in their surroundings and enjoy exploring their environment.
  • Their inquisitive nature makes them excellent problem solvers.

Independent And Confident

  • Derbyshire Redcap chickens are independent by nature and prefer to explore and forage on their own.
  • They are confident birds that can handle themselves well in various situations.
  • These chickens are not overly reliant on their human caretakers.

Docile And Friendly

  • Despite their energetic nature, Derbyshire Redcaps have a docile temperament and are generally friendly.
  • They easily establish bonds with their human caretakers and enjoy interaction.
  • These birds are known to be calm and gentle, making them suitable for families and children.

Social And Pecking Order

  • Derbyshire Redcaps are social creatures and thrive in a flock environment.
  • They establish a pecking order within the flock, but their friendly nature helps minimize conflicts.
  • The dominant hierarchy in a flock helps maintain order and harmony.

Alert And Vigilant

  • Derbyshire Redcap chickens are highly alert and have excellent instincts when it comes to detecting predators or potential danger.
  • They are known to produce loud alarm calls to alert the flock of any potential threats.
  • Their vigilant nature contributes to their overall survival and protection.

Adaptability To Various Climates

  • Derbyshire Redcaps are hardy birds that adapt well to different climates.
  • They can tolerate both hot and cold weather conditions.
  • Their adaptability makes them suitable for various regions.

Excellent Foragers

  • One of the characteristics that make Derbyshire Redcaps highly sought after is their exceptional foraging abilities.
  • They have a natural instinct to seek out insects, seeds, and vegetation in the environment.
  • Their foraging skills contribute to their self-sufficiency and overall health.

Low Maintenance

  • Derbyshire Redcap chickens are relatively low maintenance, making them suitable for backyard breeders.
  • They are healthy birds and have a strong level of resistance to common diseases.
  • Their ability to thrive in different environments and adaptability contribute to their low maintenance requirements.

Non-Aggressive Towards Other Breeds

  • Derbyshire Redcap chickens are generally peaceful and do not display aggressive behavior towards other chicken breeds.
  • They can coexist well with other breeds in a mixed flock without causing conflicts.
  • Their docile and friendly nature aids in harmonious interactions with other chickens.

Comb Types

The Derbyshire Redcap chicken breed stands out with its unique comb types. These combs, such as the rose comb and the single comb, contribute to the breed’s distinct appearance and add to its overall charm.

Single Comb

The most common comb type found in chickens, the single comb of Derbyshire Redcaps is medium in size and upright. It is composed of a single row of evenly-spaced serrations. This type of comb is well-suited for handling various climates, including both hot and cold conditions.

However, keep in mind that the large comb can be susceptible to frostbite in extremely cold temperatures.

Rose Comb

The rose comb is known for its compact and rounded appearance. Derbyshire Redcaps with rose combs have small, smooth, and flat combs with a cluster of raised bumps at the back. This type of comb is ideal for colder climates as it is less prone to frostbite.

Additionally, the rose comb is less inclined to attract attention from predators due to its reduced size and lower visibility.

Walnut Comb

The walnut comb of Derbyshire Redcaps is a unique variation of the rose comb. It has a wider base and a crescent shape that resembles a walnut. This comb type is considered beneficial for cold weather as it provides better insulation against frostbite.

The walnut comb’s compactness makes it more resistant to damage, ensuring the chickens stay healthy and maintain their distinctive appearance.

Pea Comb

Derbyshire Redcaps rarely have pea combs. This comb type is small and compact, consisting of three small bumps. While pea combs are not commonly found in this breed, when they do occur, they offer increased resistance to frostbite and make the chicken less prone to injuries.

The smaller size of the pea comb might contribute to the bird’s ability to go unnoticed by predators, making it an advantageous trait.

Understanding the different comb types of the Derbyshire Redcap chicken breed is crucial for breeders and enthusiasts. Each comb type possesses its own advantages, from withstanding extreme weather conditions to avoiding potential harm. Whether it’s the upright single comb, compact rose comb, wider walnut comb, or even the rare pea comb, these unique features distinguish the Derbyshire Redcap and make it an appealing breed for chicken enthusiasts.


Overall, the Derbyshire Redcap chicken breed is a fascinating addition to any flock. With their vibrant plumage, friendly nature, and exceptional egg-laying abilities, they are truly a breed worth considering. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced chicken owner, these birds are adaptable, hardy, and low-maintenance, making them an ideal choice for any poultry enthusiast.

The Derbyshire Redcap’s historical significance adds to its charm, allowing you to connect with the rich agricultural heritage of the English countryside. From a practical standpoint, their superior foraging skills make them great for free-ranging, while their ability to thrive in various climates ensures they are a reliable breed no matter where you live.

With their combination of beauty, productivity, and personality, Derbyshire Redcaps are sure to be a favorite among chicken keepers for years to come. So why wait? Consider adding these delightful birds to your flock and experience the joys of owning Derbyshire Redcaps for yourself.

Similar Posts